the order notes that in “…today’s rapidly changing economy, it is more important than ever to prepare workers to fill both existing and newly created jobs and to prepare workers for the jobs of the future. less than 5 percent of young americans currently train as apprentices, and most of them are in the construction sector. there are a number of different training programs in place, including full-time school programs that do not include a practical training component, but most vocational sector students enroll in the dual system (duale berufsausbildung). referred to broadly in the u.s. as career and technical education (cte), vocational training is provided by high schools, career schools, and secondary and post-secondary technical schools, as well as by community colleges and universities. it is intended to standardize career training by providing sample study programs and minimum competency skills in 79 career fields.
plumbers represent a good and rare example of apprenticeship training in the u.s. most plumbers learn their trade on the job in four- to five-year apprenticeship programs, not in a full-time technical school.  unlike in germany, where there is a collectively agreed-upon framework and vet is a long-standing tradition, individual companies in the u.s. are more likely to benefit from having access to a pool of skilled workers without participating in a training system. one such example is the dual training systems that the german companies bmw, siemens, and volkswagen imported to north carolina, south carolina, and tennessee to compensate for the lack of skilled workers in those states. pathways in technology early college high school (p-tech) is another example of a program similar to the german vet system. for instance, in its report good jobs that pay without a ba, the georgetown university center on education and the workforce defines a good job as one that pays at least $35,000 ($17 per hour) for adults under the age of 35 and $45,000 ($22 per hour) for workers older than 45.
the german vocational education and training system, also known as the dual training system, is highly recognized worldwide due to its combination of theory and training embedded in a real-life work environment. the main characteristic of the dual system is cooperation between mainly small and medium sized companies, on the one hand, and publicly funded vocational schools, on the other. trainees in the dual system typically spend part of each week at a vocational school and the other part at a company, or they may spend longer periods at each place before alternating. in germany, about 50 percent of all school-leavers undergo vocational training provided by companies which consider the dual system the best way to acquire skilled staff. employer organizations and trade unions are the drivers when it comes to updating and creating new training regulations and occupational profiles or modernizing further training regulations.
this ensures that all apprentices receive the same training regardless of region and company. the digital revolution will bring about significant changes to occupational profiles and training regulations as well as to continuing vocational education and training (cvet), providing challenges that are already being addressed, for example, by the joint “skills for the digital workplace of tomorrow” initiative of the federal ministry of education and research (bmbf) and the federal institute for vocational education and training (bibb). businesses that take part in the dual training scheme consider vocational training to be the best form of personnel recruitment. there is a growing awareness across europe and all over the world that excellent work-based vocational education and training is vital for competitiveness and social participation. the development of high quality vocational education and training is also the guiding principle of bilateral cooperation under the berlin memorandum of december 2013 with greece, portugal, italy, slovakia and latvia.
in contrast to the u.s., germany has a highly effective work-based vocational training system that has the german vocational education and training system, also known as the dual training system, is highly recognized germany’s dual-track vocational training program, known as the vet, is the route that around half a, vocational training in germany for non eu, list of apprenticeships in germany, list of apprenticeships in germany, german vocational training act, german dual education system.
but like most kinds of vocational education, it fell out of fashion in recent decades —a victim of our in germany, the dual the vocational training act one way of training for your future occupation in germany is by pursuing a dual vocational training programme.,
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